Who is your customer? How will they behave?

It’s hard to answer that last question with total accuracy, right? After all, at the end of the day, people will act unpredictably. Who can say what they will or won’t do?

What if you had a crystal ball of sorts that predicted the future behaviors of your customer based on others just like them?

You do have such a crystal ball in your possession, or at least you should. It’s known as a buyer persona.

What Is a Buyer Persona?

A buyer persona is an audience amalgamation boiled down to a single, often fictional person. You use this person to represent a portion of your audience, predicting their future behavior based on real data. You’ll often have a slew of these personas you rely on.

To even begin to create a persona, you’d identify target members of your audience. Then you’d dig deep, researching demographics and other important information about your customers and prospects. Finally, you’d compile this information into a series of personas.

Here’s an example of what we mean.

Clark Andrews Buyer Persona

Image courtesy of Adobe

This persona has the full person’s name, Clark Andrew. You don’t need to do this if you don’t want to. Most personas have fun, snappy nicknames. For instance, since Clark here has frustrations with how time-consuming manual tracking is, maybe you’d call him Time-Consuming Clark. Whatever makes him easier to remember.

You’ll want to have the gender, age, marital status, and occupation of your persona all outlined and included. A good persona also has personality traits, what motivates this person, their interests and hobbies, and their goals. More importantly, you need to know their pain points, challenges, frustrations, and problems. Otherwise, you can’t solve these issues with your products and services.

So what’s the point of all this? Is Clark Andrew even a real person? Yes and no. That picture could be anybody. It’s used to represent a mid-20s single man who works as a software developer. You wouldn’t have to look hard to find a person like that. Time-Consuming Clark isn’t just one person, then, but many people.

That’s the whole point of making buyer personas. You can segment your audience into these groups of “people” with faces, personalities, and real problems. By identifying and working to overcome the pain points of each persona, you’re theoretically solving the pain points of a huge audience segment.

The Types of Personas

You’ll come across far more personas than Time-Consuming Clark. In fact, marketing experts agree you might segment your audience into five buyer personas. Let’s talk more about them now.

Skeptical Sally or Steve

A Skeptical Sally or Steve has arrived on your website and learned a little bit about you. They’re in no rush to make a purchase. If they do it all, it will happen on their schedule.

Convincing Skeptical Sally or Steve that you have a good solution for them will take time. You might begin with emails instead of cutting to the chase via a phone consultation. While Skeptical Sally or Steve will give you their time and their patience, you have to work that much harder to convince them you’re worth it. If you get too pushy, they will abandon their efforts and you’ll lose them.

Once you get Skeptical Sally or Steve to trust in you, you can probably make the sale, but not a moment before.

Innovator Ivan or Irene

The innovative type of customer has a strong sense of creativity. They don’t mind pushing boundaries, either. Innovator Ivan or Irene won’t want to hear your same old tired sales spiel. You know, the one you’ve recited to your customers a hundred times.

Instead, Innovator Ivan or Irene wants to brainstorm with you. They’ll share their problems and challenges and actively work with you to come up with a solution. Listen to their ideas, even if you don’t ultimately use them.

As you continue your professional relationship with an Innovator Ivan or Irene, you might notice they have so many plans and big ideas they kind of lose the point a little. Make sure you keep them on track so you can move them towards a purchase or customer conversion.

Friendly Frank or Fiona

Sometimes also called Relationship Ron or Renee, next, there’s Friendly Frank or Fiona. This person will rely on your nurturing and engagement perhaps more than any other persona.

A Friendly Frank or Fiona type always strives to strengthen their own working relationships. They do awesome in a team setting, they like solving problems, they’re creative, and they have a lot of enthusiasm.

Again, listening to their ideas matters a lot here. The excitement of Friendly Frank or Fiona might naturally bleed over to you, but make sure you stay professional in your enthusiasm. Try to curb your conversations about specs or other technical information unless they ask for it. This information might bore them.

Analytical Anna or Al

An Analytical Anna or Al type never makes a decision without consulting spreadsheets, data, or analytics. They’re huge into using what has worked and applying it to what could work today. The longer a method or tactic has existed, the more Analytical Anna or Al trusts in it.

That makes deviating from the old guard difficult with this type of person, even if you must do so sometimes. In this scenario, Analytical Anna or Al will proceed extremely cautiously. To eliminate some of their doubt, have your own data, stats, and figures to show just how and why your product/service works.

Sometimes you have to wait a while for Analytical Anna or Al to comb through all the data thoroughly. They may do so twice before coming to a decision. If you’re patient and don’t rush things, you could have a sale or a new customer.

Collaborative Chris or Claire

Collaborative Chris or Claire also goes by another C name, Consensus Chris or Claire. That’s because this type of person relies on the opinions of the crowd to guide their choices. They’re somewhat flexible and quite respectful, too.

To really convince Collaborative Chris or Claire to become your customer, you need to use lots of social proof. Reviews and testimonials will especially come in handy here. You can also introduce a sense of FOMO to move a Collaborative Chris or Claire towards a decision.

Know that again, patience will do you well. The collaborative aspect of a Collaborative Chris or Claire often means deliberating in a group setting. Once everyone has come to a consensus, things can proceed.

Decisive Danny or Danielle

Also called shakers, Decisive Danny or Danielle is the last persona you will come across. As the name tells you, a Decisive Danny or Danielle has no problem making a choice for themselves. They have an assertive personality that favors winning and achieving great results fast. The downside to this? Sometimes this persona can come across as demanding, pushy, and very “me, me, me.”

If you’re willing to meet Decisive Danny or Danielle halfway, you can achieve great things. You can’t ever waver on the quality of your products/services. If you’re not totally convinced you’re selling something great, you won’t convince Decisive Danny or Danielle, either. Unlike Collaborative Chris or Claire, a Decisive Danny or Danielle can make decisions in a snap. This works to your advantage, provided it’s the right decision.

Buyer Persona Examples

Having just discussed the types of buyer personas, you’re probably curious what they look like on paper, right? You don’t want to miss this section, then. We’ve compiled a slew of examples to get your creative juices flowing.

persona template

Image courtesy of Alexa

This first persona example has a lot of awesome, usable information. You have this person’s age, job title, marital status, and even their tier and archetype. Their motivations and goals are clearly laid out; the same with their frustrations. We even get a glimpse into their technological skills and which brands they favor.

While your own personas don’t have to go quite as in-depth, if you have the data, you might as well use it.

Sample Sally

Image courtesy of Codeless

Here’s another example worth emulating. Admittedly, this persona has a far simpler look than the first example we shared. That’s not always a bad thing. You still get a lot of great info here, and it’s packaged in such a way that you can easily read it.

In this example, we see that Sample Sally has a long-standing history at her company. We also get her income. While you can ask for this, it’s not life or death if you don’t have it. There are also identifiers, such as her calm demeanor. That she’d probably have someone taking her calls before you could reach her is very useful to know. This way, a marketer or salesperson can plan their approach before reaching out.

director of critical care

Image courtesy of IMPACT

This next example does have a lot going on. While you can’t skim this persona as easily compared to the other two examples, there’s plenty of solid data here. Again, you have the salary of this Diane Director as well as her job title. We even get a glimpse into her education, including which college she studied and her degree.

We also know her job, including her daily responsibilities. Then there’s her objections, her goals and values, and her problems. The section on the experience she wants when buying a product or service will especially help your sales and marketing team sell to someone like this.

personal profile

Image courtesy of ART + marketing

The above personas all had images of real people. While you can categorize your audience like that, remember, that’s not what these personas are all about. They’re supposed to be an amalgamation of your audience’s traits, background, and behaviors.

This example gets back to that. We have a cartoon image of Steve. The infographic-style design of this image wins points from us. It looks good and anyone can quickly glean the information they need by skimming it. You can’t say that with all the examples we’ve shared.

That said, you don’t get a ton of data on this Steve character compared to those same examples. There’s certainly enough here to create a comprehensive persona, though.

kyle fisher buyer persona

Image courtesy of Alexa

Here’s another persona example that’s admittedly a little busy. We included it mostly because of the circle graph. This shows the means of media Kyle Fisher uses. Once you sit down to read through the points in this persona, you see you don’t get mountains of information, just what you need.

That includes Fisher’s background, his marital status, his age, his attributes, and his content needs.

Isaac Rice Freelancer

Image courtesy of Filestage

This last example doesn’t quite look like any of the others we’ve shared. You get plenty of personality in this image of Isaac Rice. The blue color scheme makes this persona appealing. We like the layout of the text, too. There’s a brief bio, Rice’s goals, his needs, and wants, and his pain points. This profile also includes the brands he uses and how proficient he is with technology.

It’s a clean, memorable example you might want to replicate. Even though Isaac Rice doesn’t seem like the strongest personality, he stands out with a persona laid out like this.

How to Create Your Own Buyer Personas

By this point, we’ve covered what buyer personas are, the different types, as well as some examples to emulate. Now it’s time to make your own.

Here’s how you do it.

Gain Important Information Using Form Fields

Your buyer personas act as an amalgamation of customer groups, but they’re based in reality. To gain the information necessary to make your personas, you need to get it from your audience. Form fields can help a lot here.

Start asking for information like company size, job title, and even pain points in your forms.

Review Sales and Marketing Interactions

You’ll also have to slowly comb through email interactions with leads, prospects, and customers. If you have phone records of conversations with these people, that’s great, too. After reviewing all this information, which common themes emerge? Do groups of people have the same goals, challenges, and problems? You can use this data to form the skeletons of your personas.

Interview Your Audience

Chances are, you won’t have everything you need from preexisting communications with your leads and customers. That means reaching out to your current audience base for interviews. We recommend starting with your customers first because they already use your product/services. They also have a certain level of trust towards you that might make them more receptive to wanting to do an interview.

You don’t want to just talk to your best customers. Reach out to those who have abandoned carts, ignored emails, and generally gone hot and cold on you. After all, as we showed you in the types of personas section, not every persona is a good one. Despite that, you’ll deal with all those persona types and more in your day-to-day job. You need to know how to work with good and bad personas alike.

Next, after conducting some interviews with your customers, move on to your prospects. These aren’t quite customers, not yet, but they’re more qualified than leads. They may have more willingness to do an interview or two.

Once you go through your prospects, get in touch with your referrals. Again, these people have a certain knowledge of your company. Then, after that well runs dry, talk to your leads. You will probably have to heavily incentivize lead interviews. Perhaps you give them a great discount code or even a freebie.

During these interviews, you want to gain information on the following:

  • The interviewee’s job title and role, including their knowledge and skills and what they do each day
  • Their company, including its size, employee count, and industry
  • Their goals, both short-term and long-term
  • Their professional challenges
  • Their personal background as they feel comfortable sharing it; if you can, you want their marital status, age, if they have a family, their level of education, and more
  • How they shop; offline versus online, what their vetting process is for new companies and vendors

Once you have all this, you can parse through the data and look to see which trends emerge. As you notice distinct personalities, you can begin drafting up your own personas. Remember, you don’t need sterling personas across the board. Make sure you include a few “bad” ones, as not every customer is perfect.


Buyer personas are profiles based on real customer data. You take conversations, interviews, and other information from your audience to create these personalities. They reflect the people you deal with as a marketer or salesperson.

If you’re looking to create a customer persona for marketing success, the above examples and tips we shared should get you started. Whether you use the five standard types of buyer personas or something else altogether, if it works for your company, then go for it. Good luck!